NCERT Solutions Class 11 Physics - Solved Exercise Question 2.10

Question 2.10:

State the number of significant figures in the following :
(a) 0.007 m2
(b) 2.64 1024 kg
(c) 0.2370 g cm–-3
(d) 6.320 J
(e) 6.032 N m–-2
(f) 0.0006032 m2

Solution:


(a) Answer: 1
The given quantity is 0.007 m2.
If the number is less than one, then all zeros on the right of the decimal point (but left to the first non-zero) are insignificant. This means that here, two zeros after the decimal are not significant. Hence, only 7 is a significant figure in this quantity.

(b) Answer: 3
The given quantity is 2.64 × 1024 kg.
Here, the power of 10 is irrelevant for the determination of significant figures. Hence, all digits i.e., 2, 6 and 4 are significant figures.

(c) Answer: 4
The given quantity is 0.2370 g cm–3.
For a number with decimals, the trailing zeroes are significant. Hence, besides digits 2, 3 and 7, 0 that appears after the decimal point is also a significant figure.

(d) Answer: 4
The given quantity is 6.320 J.
For a number with decimals, the trailing zeroes are significant. Hence, all four digits appearing in the given quantity are significant figures.

(e) Answer: 4
The given quantity is 6.032 N m–2.
All zeroes between two non-zero digits are always significant.

(f) Answer: 4
The given quantity is 0.0006032 m2

If the number is less than one, then the zeroes on the right of the decimal point (but left to the first non-zero) are insignificant. Hence, all three zeroes appearing before 6 are not significant figures. All zeros between two non-zero digits are always significant. Hence, the remaining four digits are significant figures.

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